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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 25 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 洪鉛財、張文龍、呂銘達,2000,「創新育成中心進駐戶類型與培育服務需求關係分析」,中華民國科技管理研討會論文集C2-創業精神與管理,民國89年。
  2. 8.洪鉛財、張文龍、呂銘達(2000),創新育成中心進駐戶類型與培育服務需求關係分析,中華民國科技管理研討會論文集-創業精神與管理。
  3. 14.洪鉛財、張文龍(2001),創新育成中心進駐戶類型與培育服務需求關係探討-進駐戶觀點,中華管理學報。
  4. 16.賴士葆、林明杰,「研究發展與製造兩部門互動之研究」,收錄於「科技管理論文集」,台北:大葉文教基金會,民國78 年。
  5. 參考文獻
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳逸政(2008)。我國學術型創新育成中心對進駐廠商支援服務之供需面探討。屏東科技大學科技管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-241。 
  2. 陳柏亘(2016)。敘說探究「創業計畫,不計畫!?」─ 以U-start創業計畫個案為例。虎尾科技大學企業管理系經營管理碩士班學位論文。2016。1-66。
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