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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 83 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 12、行政院衛生署(2004),中華民國九十二年衛生統計,行政院衛生署。
  2. 23、林金榜譯(2003),策略巡禮,城邦文化事業股份有限公司。
  3. 24、林銘郎(2003),產品策略與通路策略配合對經營績效關係之研究-以兩岸軟體產業為例,中原大學企研所碩士論文。
  4. 26、邱文鎮(2001),策略聯盟類型、關鍵成功因素與競合關係之研究-資源基礎觀點,中原大學企研所碩士論文。
  5. 32、徐永芳(2004),我國醫療事業前進大陸設立醫院策略之研究,元智大學管理研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳宗儒(2006)。企業核心擴張策略與價值鏈創新類型對經營績效影響之研究-兩岸連鎖量販店比較分析。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2006。1-185。 
  2. (2006)。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2006。1-185。 
  3. 陳福熒(2006)。台灣銀行業赴中國大陸投資進入策略之關鍵成功因素–以ESSP觀點分析。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2006。1-181。 
  4. 葉文凌(2013)。大陸台商醫院商業模式之調整策略-以廈門長庚醫院為例。臺灣大學國際企業管理組學位論文。2013。1-130。 
  5. 楊美惠(2008)。台灣發展觀光醫療產業之行銷策略研究。臺灣大學商學研究所學位論文。2008。1-163。 
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