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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 32 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8.曹慶仁、宋學鋒(2001)。《經濟管理.新管理》:基於複雜性科學的企業創新
  2. 13.胡雪琴著。企業問題複雜度之探討及量化研究--以DEMATEL 為分析工
  3. 1.Stephen Wiggins.“Interduction to Applied Nonlinear Dynamical Systems and
  4. 壹、中文文獻
  5. 1.顏斯華譯,(凱普納、崔果 合著)。問題分析與決策 KT 式理性思考方法。
Times Cited (35) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳宇凡(2014)。運用MCDM探討退休基金選擇代操投信公司的考量因素與決策-以台灣為例。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-61。 
  2. 楊淑涵(2012)。企業併購關鍵因子之探討-以AHP與DEMATEL分析。淡江大學國際商學碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-122。 
  3. 王詠晴(2012)。應用SIPA與DANP法探討機場服務品質缺口之研究-以機場餐飲服務為例。淡江大學運輸管理學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-151。 
  4. 古春雄(2012)。以ESC模型應用在中華電信未來發展策略之研究-以MOD為例。淡江大學管理科學學系企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-117。 
  5. 陳勇昇(2012)。應用複合多評準決策與模糊積分法探討台北都會區聯營公車服務品質。淡江大學運輸管理學系碩士班學位論文。2012。1-143。 
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