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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 96 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 9. 林紀東,中華民國憲法逐條釋義(四),三民書局,1993年9月六版。
  2. 5. 謝銘洋,智慧財產權之概念與意義,月旦法學教室試刊號,元照出版有限公司2002年10月。
  3. 1. Arthur R. Miller and Michael H. Davis, INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY 2nd ed., WEST PUBLISHING, 1990。
  4. 3. Donald S. Chisum, Craig Allen Nard, Herbert F. Schwartz, Pauline Newman F. Scott Kieff, Principles of Patent Law Cases and Materials, Foundation Press, 2001 2nd。
  5. 6. Michael Dennis Scott, SCOTT ON COMPUTER LAW, volume 2, 2d ed. 1997 supplement。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭菁菁(2015)。論植物品種之智慧財產權保護及其對農產業之影響。臺灣大學農藝學研究所學位論文。2015。1-285。 
  2. 陳昱儒(2008)。專利權耗盡理論之公法研究-兼論美國最高法院Quanta Computer, Inc. v. LG Electronics, Inc.(2008)判決。政治大學法學院碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-168。
  3. 林金東(2008)。軟體可專利性相關問題之研究。政治大學法學院碩士在職專班學位論文。2008。1-182。
  4. 黃紫旻(2008)。專利地痞與企業因應策略。政治大學智慧財產研究所學位論文。2008。1-161。
  5. 吳友中(2009)。中山科學研究院專利維護機制之研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-70。
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