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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 鄔昆如,1983年,理則學,台北,黎明文化事業股份有限公司。
  2. 9. 陳幼慧,1999年,黑格爾辯證法與存有的律動,台北,台灣哲學學會。
  3. 11. 陳自現,2000年,共黨理論釋評,台北,黎明文化事業股份有限公司。
  4. 25. 吳水泉,2001年,企業發展策略之共識度研究,中原大學企業管理研究所未出版碩士論文。
  5. 34. 陳賢昌,2004年,決策態度量化模式建立之研究,中原大學企業管理研究所未出版碩士論文。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李德浩(2006)。應用衝突圖與次協調思維在衝突問題解決之研究。中原大學工業工程研究所學位論文。2006。1-114。 
  2. 譚婷瑄(2015)。比較不同角色模式品牌貼文之線上社群行銷效果。屏東科技大學企業管理系所學位論文。2015。1-110。 
  3. 黃文治(2006)。產品設計產業合作策略聯盟之個案研究-以世訊科技股份有限公司為例。臺北科技大學創新設計研究所學位論文。2006。1-89。
  4. 陳澤真(2008)。傳統術數文化對企業決策影響之研究。亞洲大學經營管理學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-102。
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