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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 32 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.Cox, J. F., Spencer, M. S., & American Production and Inventory Control Society. (1998). The constraints management handbook. Boca Raton, Fla.; Falls Church, Va.: St. Lucie Press; Apics.
  2. 12.McMullen, T. B. (1998). Introduction to the theory of constraints (TOC) management system. Boca Raton Florida: St. Lucie Press.
  3. 14.Schragenheim, E. (1999). Management dilemmas :The theory of constraints approach to problem identification and solutions. Boca Raton: St. Lucie Press.
  4. 18.林正明, (民89), 限制理論及其應用--以QCC推動為例, 育達研究叢刊, 1, 47-61
  5. 19.林正明, (民90), 平衡計分卡應用探討--依限制理論思考過程, 育達研究叢刊, 2, 116-143
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳良玉(2012)。限制理論用於醫療材料存貨管理之研究- 以某區域級教學醫院為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2012。1-78。 
  2. 賴昱達(2009)。應用限制理論於機關資訊安全管理系統導入之研究—以I政府機構個案為例。中原大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-96。 
  3. 劉權毅(2008)。應用關鍵鏈於自動化系統之排程規劃 –以M 公司IAS 系統為例。中原大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-81。 
  4. 魏伶伃(2007)。限制理論在大學選課作業改善之應用研究。中原大學工業工程研究所學位論文。2007。1-60。 
  5. 李德浩(2006)。應用衝突圖與次協調思維在衝突問題解決之研究。中原大學工業工程研究所學位論文。2006。1-114。 
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