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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 350 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王美嬅、楊美賞(2000)。對一位慢性精神分裂症患者之低自尊護理經驗。榮總護理,17,352-361。
  2. 王晴右(2003)。表情線索與熟悉度對臉孔辨識歷程之影響。中原大學心理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 余伍洋、陳明哲、成和玲、林清華(1995)不同醫療環境精神分裂病患者生活品質之比較。公共衛生,22,115-124。
  4. 杜家興(2003)。精緻性複頌技巧訓練對慢性精神分裂住院病人之語文工作記憶的效果。中原大學心理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 周煌智、鍾素英、龍佛衛、余伍洋(1998)。精神分裂病患在活性與負性症狀量表與威斯康辛卡片排序測驗的相關因素。高雄醫學科學雜誌,14,330-338。
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