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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 83 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 18、俞海琴、陳慧娟,1999年,我國上市公司成長、槓桿與托賓Q關聯之研究,風險管理學報,第一卷第一期,1999年5月,頁81-101。
  2. 1、Baltagi, Badi, 2001, Economic Analysis of Panel Data, 2nd ed., John Wiley and Sons Ltd., England.
  3. 3、Biddle, Gray C. and Bowen, Robert M. and Wallace, James S., 1997, Does EVA Beat Earnings? Evidence on Association with Stock Returns and Firm Values, Journal of Accounting and Economics, 24, pp.301-336.
  4. 5、Bharadwaj, A.S. and S.G. Bharadwaj, 1999, Information Technology Effects on Firm Performance as Measured by Tobin’s q, Management Science, 45(7), pp. 1008-1024.
  5. 6、Bontis, N., 1998, Intellectual Capital: An Exploratory Study that Develops, Management Journal, 17(4), pp. 63-72.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳素媚(2006)。金控與非金控公司之金融機構經營風險之研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2006。1-103。 
  2. 吳明德(2008)。研究機構人才流動管理之研究。元智大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2008。1-125。 
  3. 許清秀(2006)。人力資本成本投入與離職率關聯之研究-以保全公司為例。淡江大學會計學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2006。1-90。
  4. 王珍菁(2010)。智慧資本評價之探討-以台灣金融業為例。朝陽科技大學財務金融系學位論文。2010。1-83。
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