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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Anderson, J. R., & Brower, G. H. (1972). Recognition and retrieval processes in free recall. Psychological Review, 79, 97-123.
  2. Begin, G. (1986). Sociometric status and social interaction: Are the neglected children socially less active? Perceptual and Motor Skills, 63, 823-830.
  3. Bishop, J. A., & Inderbitzen, H. M.(1995). Peer acceptance and friendship: An investigation of their relation to self-esteen. Journal of Early Adolescence, 15(4), 476~489.
  4. Bjorklund, D. F. (2000). Children’s Thinking: Developmental Function and Individual Differences. Belmont: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.
  5. Brochin, H. A., & Wasik, B.A.(1992). Social problem solving among popular and unpopular children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 20(4), 377-391.
Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳怡君(2013)。兒童衝突解決歷程:訊息解釋與情緒對目標設定的影響。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2013。1-122。 
  2. 陳雅玲(2010)。高雄市國小學童社會計量地位、情緒智力與生活適應關係之研究。臺東大學進修部暑期特教碩士班學位論文。2010。1-202。 
  3. 羅淑芳(2010)。幼兒社交地位與幼兒氣質、父母教養態度、教師教學風格之相關研究。臺東大學進修部暑期幼兒教育碩士班學位論文。2010。1-82。 
  4. 張宜君(2011)。被拒絕幼兒同儕互動學習歷程之研究。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-139。 
  5. 林香吟(2006)。幼兒同儕衝突因應策略之研究-高語言能力幼兒與低語言能力幼兒的比較。臺灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系學位論文。2006。1-132。
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