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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 52 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] 王鈺婷,「因應RoHS 指令的綠色設計管控系統建構」,私立中原大學工業工程學系碩士學位論文,2008。
  2. [2] 王昭珷,「綠色品質風險管控模型之研究」,國立政治大學經營管理碩士學程資管組研究所碩士論文,2008。
  3. [5] 李復孝,「架構導向軟體測試管理模型之研究」,國立中山大學資訊管理研究所電子商務碩士在職專班,2007。
  4. [7] 吳佩娟,「因應RoHS 指令的綠色產品生產管控系統建構」,私立中原大學工業工程學系碩士學位論文,2008。
  5. [11] 陳嘉翎,「以UML 建構之綠色供應商管理系統」,私立中原大學工業工程學系碩士學位論文,2007。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳盈兆(2011)。結合綠色產品管理系統與PLM、ERP之研究。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2011。1-99。 
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