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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 78 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 林瑞德,懲罰性賠償金適用之法律爭議問題,月旦法學雜誌,月旦法學雜誌社,第110期(2004)。
  2. 8. 洪家殷,論信賴保護原則之適用一司法院大法官釋字第五二五號解釋評析一,台灣本土法學雜誌,第27期(2001)。
  3. 9. 許耀昇、許蕙琳、張淑昭、吳景明,工業科技管理學刊—以政府採購導入企業營運管理之研究,致遠管理學院(2008)。
  4. 13. 陳聰富,誠信原則的理論與實踐,政大法學評論,第一0四期(2008)。
  5. 21. 黃豐玢,析論營造業法第二十五條.建議「轉交」用語改為「分包」,營建知訊,第256期(2004)。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林芝羽(2014)。聯合承攬相關法律問題研究-政府採購法與公平交易法之競合。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2014。1-125。
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