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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 138 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6.姜世明,民事訴訟法基礎論,元照出版(2006) 。
  2. 7.張新寶,大陸醫療損害賠償案件的過失認定,收錄於朱柏松、詹森林、張新寶、陳忠五、陳聰富所著:醫療過失舉證責任之比較,元照出版,頁73-113(2008) 。
  3. 4.沈冠伶,證明妨礙法理在醫療民事責任訴訟之適用,臺大法學論叢,第38卷1期,頁163-216(2009) 。
  4. 6.林誠二,人體實驗與雙效理論之探討,法令月刊,第61期10卷,頁75-91(2010) 。
  5. 10.吳志正,以疫學手法作為民事因果關係認定之檢討,東吳法律學報,第二十卷第一期,頁205-236(2008)。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張玉純(2013)。我國對遠距醫療之規範及其合理性探討。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2013。1-148。
  2. 方韻雯(2015)。非治療性醫療美容於民事損害賠償責任之探討。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2015。1-126。
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