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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 207 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳明隆(2005)。SPSS統計應用學習實務:問卷分析與應用統計。台北市:知城數位科技股份有限公司。
  2. 胡文聰(2004)。宜蘭縣國小五年級學童心理健康和健康與體育領域學習滿意度調查。國立台北師院學院國民教育研究所體育教學碩士班碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  3. 徐玉婷(2004)。國中生英語焦慮、英語學習動機與英語學習策略之相關研究。國立成功大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台南市。
  4. 徐華助(2006)。新竹縣國中生涯發展教育與技藝學程實施現況之研究。國立台灣師範大學碩士論文。全國碩博士論文資訊網,0 9 5 N T N U 5 0 3 7 0 3 8。
  5. 陳翰彊(2006)。我國技專院校航空機械系學生學習動機與學習滿意度之研究。國立台灣師範大學工業教育學系碩士論文。未出版,台北市。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林亞仕(2015)。高級中學學生英語學習動機、學習策略與學習滿意度關係之研究-以桃園市為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-292。 
  2. 江仁山(2014)。國中生英語補救教學學習動機與學習成效關係之研究 -以新竹市「補救教學實施方案」為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-218。
  3. 何安琪(2017)。高職英語學習焦慮與動機對學習成就影響之相關研究。樹德科技大學資訊管理系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-150。
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