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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.王叢桂(1992),雙生涯家庭工作者家庭角色承諾與工作價值關係的探討,國科會專題研究計畫成果報告,台北:行政院國家科學委員會。
  2. 5.吳明隆、紀有田(2004),學校行政人員工作壓力與學校效能關係之研究,學校行政雙月刊,第29期,170-181。
  3. 10.李和健(2007),工作限制、家庭責任與職家衝突之關聯:以社會支持為調節因子,國立中央大學碩士論文。
  4. 11.李逸(2004),公共衛生護理人員工作壓力感受、因應策略與壓力結果之探討以互動型工作壓力模式為架構,台灣衛誌第23卷第5期,398-405。
  5. 13.林月娜、吳明隆(2004),國小專任行政人員角色衝突、工作壓力與因應策略之研究,學校行政雙月刊第33期,52-70。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭恒志(2015)。工作家庭文化對工作價值觀與留任意願關係之調節影響-「世代差異」觀點之探討。中正大學勞工關係學研究所學位論文。2015。1-96。
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