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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 140 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王宏銘、廖俊達、范綱行、吳樹鏗、詹勝傑、閻紫宸(2009)。頭頸部鱗狀細胞癌治療的新進展。腫瘤護理雜誌,9(S),51-67。
  2. 行政院衛生署國民健康局(2010)。存活率查詢。取自。
  3. 李宜玲(2003)。不同自殺風險高中生與其家長對家庭功能看法差異之探討—以高雄市某高級中學為例。高雄醫學大學行為科學研究所碩士論文,未出版,高雄市。
  4. 邱紹一、胡秀媛(2009)。大專學生家庭功能、親子衝突、因應策略與生活適應之相關研究。台北海洋技術學院學報,2(2),77-102。
  5. 李淑真、劉雪娥、蔡培葵、賴裕和(2003)。接受安寧住院療護期間主要照顧者生活品質的變化。安寧療護,8(3),259-269。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林玫珍(2013)。慢性精神病患者之主要照顧者其照顧負荷、健康控制信念、因應型態對生活品質之影響。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2013。1-114。 
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