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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 180 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 33. 張谷誠,1952,《新竹叢誌》。頁302,新中國報新竹分社:新竹叢誌編輯委員會。
  2. 5. 2009,<新竹北門大街與竹塹地域社會的演變>。《洄蘭春秋》v.6,頁31-50。
  3. 15. 張玉欣,2003,<新竹飲食文化初探>。《中國飲食文化基金會會訊》v.9 n.3,頁36。
  4. 1. 王昱新,2004,《蚵寮聚落之空間構成分析》,國立成功大學建築學系碩博士班碩士論文。
  5. 2. 吳淑娟,2007,《戰後台灣茶業的發展與變遷》,國立中央大學歷史研究所碩士在職專班碩士論文。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳金益(2014)。新竹米粉產業的創新研究。交通大學理學院科技與數位學習學程學位論文。2014。1-120。 
  2. 周德清(2013)。新豐鄉姜厝(朴樹林)多脊沙丘聚落生活地景之探討。中原大學建築研究所學位論文。2013。1-289。 
  3. 邱楷涵(2017)。大臺北地區消費者對純米米粉的購買行為與願付價值之研究。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2017。1-112。 
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