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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 32 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.Evans and Anderson, “A Generic Distributed Simulation System for Intelligent Agent Design and Evaluation“, Manitoba, Canada, 1997.
  2. 3.J. M. Morgan and J. K. Liker, “The Toyota product development system: integrating people, process, and technology”, New York, 2006.
  3. 5.L. Cuatrecasas, “Design of a rapid response and high efficiency service by lean production principles Methodology and evaluation of variability of performance”, Int. J. Production Economics, Vol.80, p.169-183. 2002.
  4. 6.P. Dennis, “Lean production simplified: A plain language guide to the world's most powerful production system: Productivity Press, 2002.
  5. 7.Panizzolo, R., “Applying the lessons learned from 27 lean manufacturers- The relevance of relationships management”, Int. J. Production Economics, Vol.55, p.223-240, 1998.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林耿希(2015)。影響中山科學研究院材料管理績效關鍵成功因素─FAHP應用之研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-98。 
  2. 黃玉如(2012)。應用精實六標準差於主排程之作業流程改善-以LED製造商為例。清華大學工業工程與工程管理學系工程碩士在職專班學位論文。2012。1-87。
  3. 張善軒(2013)。應用精實六標準差建構製程品質管制計劃-以電路板防焊製程為例。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2013。1-146。
  4. 陳靜瑤(2014)。發展卷對卷產業管制計畫之生產作業流程的標準化。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2014。1-62。
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