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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 200 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方金祥、劉奕萱(2007)。創意童玩設計在幼兒科學遊戲創意教學上之應用研究。幼兒保育學刊,5,75-86。
  2. 方金祥(2009)。幼兒創意安全科學玩具之設計與在科學遊戲創意基學上之應用研究-以「潛水夫與蟬鳴器」為例。南台人文社會學報,1,55-74。
  3. 王芳珠(2010)。國小四年級科學趣味競賽教學之研究。國立台北教育大學自然科學教育學系碩士班碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  4. 王美芬(2000)。國小教師面對九年一貫「自然與生活科技」領域新課程因應策略。國教新知,36(3),370-378。
  5. 王唯齡(2005)。以天文史融入教學模式探究對學生學習態度和對科學的態度之影響。國立台北師範學院自然科學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴妙宣(2013)。融入科學遊戲的教學對不同認知風格九年級學生問題解決能力之影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-106。
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