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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 233 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方淑秋(2005)。高職特教班輕度智能障礙學生職業成熟及其相關因素之研究。國立臺灣 師範大學特殊教育學系進修專班研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  2. 毛國楠(1995)。職業成熟與職業興趣的相關研究。台灣師大教育心理學報,18, 229-238。
  3. 王秀玉(2001)。綜合高中資訊應用學程與高職資料處理科學生生涯成熟之比較研究。國立臺灣師範大學工業教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  4. 朱經明、王鳳妃(2006)。多媒體聽障者成功奮鬥故事協助聽障學生理解主要概念及提昇自我概念成效之研究。特殊教育研究學刊,30,135-154。
  5. 吳武忠、江珮瑜(2003)。高職餐飲管理科建教合作生自我概念與實習機構社會適應關係之研究。觀光研究學報,9(1),91-106。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李筱白(2013)。臺北地區技專校院學生工讀職場經驗與生涯自我效能之研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-175。 
  2. 蔡慧珠(2016)。高級海事水產職業學校水產養殖科學生技能學習態度與職業自我概念之研究。屏東科技大學技職教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-148。
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