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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 陳美琇. 接單式生產排程模式之研究: 淡江大學; 2012.
  2. 8. 林金地. 中小企業導入KPI管理關鍵成功因素之研究. 新北市: 國立臺北大學; 2010.
  3. 12. 陳建成. 製造策略、顧客滿意度與經營績效關係之實證研究-以台灣機械產業爲例. International Journal of Lisrel. 2009;2(1):18-37.
  4. 14. 張瑋婷. 應用後拉式生產與平準化於蝴蝶蘭銷售流程-以麗的蘭業有限公司為例: 屏東科技大學; 2009.
  5. 16. 楊誌欽, 郭芳宜, 張超盛. 經營特性、產業環境特性及顧客關係管理系統與企業經營績效關係之研究. 朝陽商管評論. 2008;7(2):91-122.
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