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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 45 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Breyfogle III F.W., Cupello J.M. & Meadows B., 2001. Managing Six Sigma- A Practice Guide to Understanding, Assessing, and Implementing the Stagy that Yields Bottom-Line Success, John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
  2. Eckes, G., 2002. The Six Sigma Revolution: How General Electric and Others Turned Process Into Profits, John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
  3. Holweg, M., 2006. “The genealogy of lean production,” Journal of Operations Management, Vol. 25, pp. 420–437.
  4. Liker J.K., 2004. The TOYOTA Way: 14 Management Principles from the World’s Greatest Manufacturer, McGraw Hill, New York.
  5. Womack, J.P. and Jones, D.T., 1990. The Machine that Changed the World, Rawson Macmillan.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃振豐(2015)。應用精實六標準差於生產零缺失管理之研究 - 以鋁質電容製造公司為例。中興大學高階經理人碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-34。 
  2. 賴偉銘(2016)。六標準差結合TRIZ進行製程良率提升之研究。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2016。1-70。
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