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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 67 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林秀玉(民95)。小組合作學習達到真正成功必備的要點。科學教育期刊,295,
  2. 陳建文(民89)。國小三年級自然科課程軟體之設計與製作。未出版之碩士論文,私立淡江大學教育科技學系研究所,台北。
  3. 陳銘偉(民93)。「問題本位學習」教學模式對高職學生之合作學習與批判思考歷程與成效的影響。未出版之碩士論文,私立中原大學教育研究所,桃園。
  4. 陳信助、陳寶山(民100)。教育學院中教師領導統御與學生學習風格之探討與應用。中國文化學校行政雙月刊,77。
  5. 張素芬(民100)。問題本位學習對國小四年級學童科學本質觀之影響。未出版之碩士論文,私立中原大學教育研究所,桃園。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 甘晟坊(2016)。教學策略對於大學生學習影響之研究。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2016。1-58。
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