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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 104 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2.陳祖輝、許春金,國外犯罪矯正援引修復式正義發展之初探:機遇與挑戰,收錄於全國博碩士研究生刑事政策與犯罪問題研究論文集(1),法務部,修訂版,2011年1月。
  2. 2.林裕順,刑事程序犯罪被害人權利保障─以被害人保護、訴訟參加為中心,律師雜誌,第348期,2008年9月。
  3. 6.許福生,犯罪被害人保護政策之回顧與展望,月旦法學雜誌,第178期,2010年3月。
  4. 16.謝協昌,論犯罪被害人之刑事訴訟程序參與權之發展,刑事法雜誌,第52卷第6期,2008年12月。
  5. 17.謝協昌,論犯罪被害人在刑事訴訟程序之角色、地位,日新法學論著,第6期,2006年1月。
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