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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Altman (1975), The Environment and Socil Behavior: Privacy, Personal Space, Territory, Crowding, CA: Brook/Cola.
  2. Lin, W. T.(1995), A Study of Chinese and Modern Medicine Clinics in Taichung, unpublished Master Thesis, Unit of Advanced Architectural Studies, The Bartlett School of Architecture and Planning, University College London.
  3. Ranjit Kumar.(2000), Research Methhodology: A step-by-step guide for beginners.胡龍騰、黃瑋瑩、潘中道 合譯,研究方法 步驟化學習指南,台北:學富文化。
  4. Sommer, R., (1969), Personal space: The behavioral basis of design, London: Prentice-Hall.
  5. 吳怡霆(2011),「以空間形構法則分析校園開放空間組構型態之初探」,朝陽科技大學建築及都市設計研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 傅瑋琪(2016)。用餐空間之設計思考—以韓式料理餐廳為例。中原大學室內設計研究所學位論文。2016。1-135。
  2. 王智弘(2016)。空間型態構成與空間行為之交互關係-以寵物用品店為例。中原大學室內設計研究所學位論文。2016。1-153。
  3. 林錦宏(2017)。餐飲微型創業之環境創新與規劃 以中小型日式創意料理空間為例。中原大學室內設計研究所學位論文。2017。1-156。
  4. 陳映彤(2017)。以空間型構理論探討車站型購物商場空間之研 究。中原大學室內設計研究所學位論文。2017。1-128。
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