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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. 林公孚,ISO 9001:2000 對文件化有何要求,品質管制月刊,第三十七卷,第三期,第83-85頁,(2001.03)。
  2. 21. 經濟部標準檢驗局, ISO 9004: 2000 品質管理系統-績效改進指導綱要,(2001)。
  3. 25.蔡世田,公文線上簽核推動策略與效益,研考雙月刊第33卷第6期,(2009)。
  4. 26.莊佳宏,SharePoint ISO 工作流程系統設計實作,碩士論文,中原大學(2013)。
  5. 2. Davenport,T. H.and Short,J E.,”The New Industrial Engineer-ing: Information Technology and Business Process Rede-sign.”,Sloan Management Review,pp.11-27,Summer.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 莊佳宏(2013)。SharePoint ISO 工作流程系統設計實作。中原大學應用數學研究所學位論文。2013。1-52。
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