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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 43 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [ 1 ] American Society of Hospital Pharmacists (1993) ASHP guidelines on preventing medication errors in hospitals,Am J Hosp Pharm,50, 305–314
  2. [ 2 ] Ben-Tzion Karsh, Roger Brownb (2010) Macroergonomics and patient safety:The impact of levels on theory measurement, analysis and intervention in patient safety research, Applied Ergonomics, 41(5), 674–681
  3. [ 4 ] Darren M. Ashcroft, Paul Quinlan and Alison Blenkinsopp (2005) Prospective study of the incidence, natureand causes of dispensing errors in community pharmacies, Pharmacoepidemiology and drug safety, 14, 327–332.
  4. [ 6 ] Harold S. Blackman, David I. Gertman and Ronald L. Boring (2008) Human error quantification using performance shaping factors in the spar-h method. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 52, 1733.
  5. [ 7 ] Williams,J. C. (1988) A data-based method for assessing and reducing human error to improve operational performance, Human Factors and Power Plants, IEEE 4th, 436–450.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 連彥滕(2015)。運用人因工程分析醫療院所病人安全案例 ─以提升用藥安全、落實感染管制及提升手術安全為例。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2015。1-64。
  2. 黃國豪(2015)。台灣醫療院所病人安全提昇之運用人因技術分析-以預防跌倒、提昇有效溝通、鼓勵參加病人安全為例。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2015。1-76。
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