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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 253 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.王文宇,《公司法論》,元照出版有限公司,增訂四版(2008年9月)。
  2. 6.陳清秀,《稅法總論》,元照出版有限公司,六版(2010年9月)
  3. 1.林彩瑜,〈論WTO與區域貿易協定爭端解決機制之衝突與調和〉,收錄於《第十屆國際經貿法學發展學術研討會論文集》,頁101~180,國立政治大學國貿系國際經貿組織暨法律研究中心,初版第1刷(2011年05月)。
  4. 2.于佩儒、陳信宏,〈韓國打造隱形冠軍的做法、個案與對台意涵〉,《經濟前瞻》,第152期,頁70~76 (2014年3月12日)。
  5. 3.川島富士雄,〈金融危機後的世界經濟與世界貿易組織(WTO)的課題〉,《台灣國際法季刊》,第六卷第四期,頁31~53 (2009年12月)。
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