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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李永昌(2012)。高雄市高中職特殊教育教師工作壓力及因應策略研究。國立高雄師範大學特殊教育學系,碩士論文,未出版,高雄市。
  2. 周俊良、李新民、許籃憶(2005)。學前階段特殊教育教師因應策略與工作壓力之相關研究。特殊教育學報,21,79-102。
  3. 許利綸、賴韻涵(2013)。已婚特教教師工作壓力問卷編制其信、效度之檢驗。家庭教育雙月刊,43,54-70。
  4. 陳玉賢(2005)。國民小學教師的工作壓力與因應。教師之友,46(2),90-97。
  5. 陳宥均(2010)。臺北市國民中學兼任行政職務教師工作壓力及因應策略之研究。國立臺灣師範大學工業教育學系,碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃慧慈(2017)。國中教師正向心理與教學效能之研究。中原大學特殊教育研究所學位論文。2017。1-122。 
  2. 施震聲(2016)。在家教育巡迴輔導教師的工作壓力與因應策略之探究。中原大學特殊教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-150。 
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