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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 233 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方裕發(2011)。互動式電子白板融入國小估算教學之研究-以提昇五年級學童反差數感為例。中原大學應用數學研究所碩士論文,未出版,中壢市。
  2. 白承軒(2005)。整合ICT於專題式學習之學習成效研究。淡江大學資訊管理學系碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  3. 石雅玫(2001) 花蓮地區國小教師議題中心教學信念及多元文化議題調查之研究。課程與教學季刊,4(1),129-154。
  4. 朱耀明、林永祥和徐啟方(2007)。資訊科技融入國小自然與生活科技課程之教學活動設計-「e窺究竟話昆蟲」,科技教育課程改革與發展學術研討會論文集,2006,333-340。
  5. 李沁慧(2010)。結合互動式電子白板與萬用揭示板於國小數學補救教學之研究。亞洲大學資訊工程學系碩士在職專班碩士論文,未出版,台中市。
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