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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林三欽,信賴保護原則與法令不溯及既往──兼評最高行政法院九十四年度判字第一四四號判決,政大法學評論,第100期,頁57-133(2007)。
  2. 洪家殷,論信賴保護原則之適用──司法院大法官釋字第五二五號解釋評析,台灣本土法學雜誌,第27期,頁39-55(2001)。
  3. 郭松濤,評司法院大法官釋字第717號解釋(一)(二)──降低公保養老金給付優惠存款金額案,法務通訊,第2697、2698期(2014)。
  4. 馮惠平,從平等原則論公務人員退休年金制度之改革──以司法院釋字第五九六號解釋為中心,公務人員月刊,第206期,頁42-49(2013)。
  5. 詹維玲,臺灣生命循環消費與退休,經濟預測與政策,第39卷,第2期,頁131-154,(2009)。
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