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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 35 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 俞彥娟,2007,“每個議題都是女性議題”-美國女選民聯盟的女性主義,1960-1974,新史學,第18卷1期:121-168。(Yu, Y. C. 2007. "Every issue is a woman's issue": the feminism of the league of women voters, 1960-1974. New History 18(1): 121-168.)
  2. 郭振雄、何怡澄與羅光達,2014,非營利醫院負債融通與捐贈收入的關聯性,臺大管理論叢,第24卷第2期:151-180。(Kuo, J. S., Y. C. Ho., and K. T. Lo. 2010. The relation between debt financing and not-for-profit hospitals’ donations. NTU Management Review24(2): 151-180.)
  3. 郭振雄、何怡澄與羅德城,2006,非營利醫院的負債融資與社區公益活動,臺灣公共衛生雜誌,第 25卷第2期:440-448。(Kuo, J. S., Y. C. Ho., and D. C. Lo. 2006. The association of debt financing with community benefit services provided by private, not-for-profit hospitals in taiwan. Taiwan Journal of Public Health 25(2): 440-448.)
  4. 郭振雄與何怡澄,2007,非營利醫院之董事會結構與社區公益活動,臺灣公共衛生雜誌,第26卷第2期:128-139。(Kuo, J. S., and Y. C. Ho. 2007. Board structure and community benefit services of not-for-profit hospitals. Taiwan Journal of Public Health 26(2): 128-139.)
  5. 葉韋伶,2014,影響醫療財團法人財務槓桿因素之探討,中原大學會計學系碩士學位論文。(Yea, W. L. 2014. A study of influential determinants of financial leverage of medical foundations. Chung Yuan Christian University Unpublished Master's Thesis.)
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曹翊峰(2016)。治理因素對醫療財團法人財務槓桿影響之探討。中原大學會計研究所學位論文。2016。1-42。
  2. 戴秀琇(2017)。會計師性別與企業營運複雜度對審計品質影響之研究。臺中科技大學會計資訊系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-41。
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