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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 153 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王慧婷 (2013)。影片示範教學於教導患有自閉症學生的介紹與應用。特殊教育季刊,126,9-16。
  2. 李秀卿 (2010)。工作分析為基礎之視訊教材應用於國中智能障礙學生餐飲製作之研究。(未出版之碩士論文)。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所,臺北市。
  3. 吳冠穎、王天苗(2007)。他們是社會人嗎?兩名啟智學校畢業青年的生活樣貌。特殊教育研究學刊。32(1)。35-56。
  4. 吳劍雄、陳靜江(2007)。高職特教班智能障礙畢業生所從事職務要求之調查初探。復健諮商,1,17 -46。
  5. 邱紹春 (2013)。重度、極重度心智障礙者的輔導。臺北:心理出版社。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳俊旭(2015)。以賽局理論探討乙型受體素(瘦肉精)解禁政策。中正大學政治學系政府與公共事務碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-421。
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