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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 40 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中原大學第十三屆國際學術研討會論文,頁1-19。
  2. 黃瑞菘、曾思瑜(2008),〈醫院門診空間尋路行為之研究-以兩家單一樓層走道型門診空間為
  3. 羅凱、林品章(2007),〈高品牌價值之品牌識別設計傾向研究〉,設計學研究,第10卷,第
  4. 蘇鴻昌、黃文宗(2013),〈品牌色彩融入旅店設計之感官競爭力〉,文化創意產業研究學報,
  5. Aysu, B., Christopher, W., & Yusuf, Z. O. (2004). “Wayfinding in an unfamiliar environment:
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 簡貝伊(2012)。籃球裁判自信心、焦慮、壓力與執法表現滿意度之相關研究。長榮大學運動休閒管理學系(所)學位論文。2012。1-121。 
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