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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 128 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 16. 國立台北大學亞洲研究中心,台商大陸投資實用手冊─糾紛案例解析,財團法人海峽交流基金會出版,民國101年12月第一版。
  2. 16. 劉維真,《台灣公有土地行政管理之研究》(台灣師範大學政治學研究所博士學位論文,2008年7月)。
  3. 17. 廖益群,《國有非公用土地只租不售執行情形之研究》(國立政治大學地政學系私立中國地政研究所碩士論文,民國95年7月)。
  4. 5. 張鵬,論大陸”相鄰空間利用關係約定制度”的建構─兼評大陸《物權法》第136條與台灣民法第841-5的差異與適用,財產法暨經濟法第30期,2012年6月。
  5. 8. 蘇昱彰,大陸國有土地使用制度的改革探討暨省思,土地問題研究月刊第2卷第3期,2003年。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳怡安(2016)。公有非公用土地設定地上權運作模式之研究 —國有土地與臺北市市有土地之差異分析。臺北大學不動產與城鄉環境學系學位論文。2016。1-141。
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