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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 121 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6. 曾宛如,證券交易法原理,元照出版公司,五版(2008年)。
  2. 1. 王志誠,發行市場證券詐欺規範之解釋及適用,律師雜誌,第297期,頁20(2004年6月)。
  3. 9. 莊永丞,論證券交易法第二十條證券詐欺損害賠償責任之因果關係,中原財經法學,第8期,頁151(2002年6月)。
  4. 10. 莊永丞,由美國Dura v. Broudo案反思證券投資人之損害因果關係,東吳法律學報,第22卷第4期,頁104(2011年4月)。
  5. 11. 莊永丞,證券交易法第二十條證券詐欺損害估算方法之省思,台大法學論叢,第三十四卷第二期,頁128(2005年3月)。
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳燕秋(2012)。自助旅行者對旅遊網路社群資訊使用意願之研究。中原大學國際經營與貿易研究所學位論文。2012。1-60。 
  2. 潘佳宜(2010)。資訊系統品質、關係品質與持續使用意圖間之關係研究-以線上旅遊服務網站為例。大同大學資訊經營學系所學位論文。2010。1-69。
  3. 郭明憲(2010)。大學生網路購物意向之研究-以TAM延伸模式實證。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2010。1-89。
  4. 高曼婷(2011)。結合資訊系統成功模式與科技接受模式探討資訊系統使用行為─以臺北益教網為例。臺灣師範大學應用電子科技學系學位論文。2011。1-170。
  5. 劉建民(2016)。旅遊網站資訊揭露對購買意願之影響—以信任與節省搜尋成本為中介變數。義守大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2016。1-83。
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