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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 112 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院衛生署國民健康局、財團法人國家衛生研究院、中華民國骨質疏鬆症學會 (2011)。骨質疏鬆症臨床治療指引。台北:行政院國民衛生局。.
  2. 李欣岱、林茂榮、蘇千田 (2008)。骨質疏鬆症性骨折之預防篩檢。台灣老年醫學暨老年學雜誌, 3(2),64-77。
  3. 林欣欣 (2005)。憂鬱症婦女骨密度及相關因素初探。台北醫學大學護理研究所,台北市。
  4. 楊于婷 (2012)。自我效能與壓力相關疲勞:直接心理生理反應路徑與間接行為路徑的影響。 私立中壢大學心理研究所,中壢市。
  5. Akselrod, S., Gordon, D., Madwed, J. B., Snidman, N. C., Shannon, D. C., & Cohen, R. J. (1985). Hemodynamic regulation: investigation by spectral analysis. American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, 249(4), 867-875.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳韻如(2015)。憂鬱傾向大學生於社會排除/接納人際脈絡下的情緒反應之研究。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2015。1-133。 
  2. 徐于茹(2014)。憂鬱對骨質疏鬆骨折之老年人患者再骨折次數之影響。中原大學心理學研究所學位論文。2014。1-78。
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