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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 96 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Amiri, Morteza Pakdin
  2. 2010 Project selection for oil-fields development by using the AHP and fuzzy TOPSIS methods. Expert Systems with Applications 37(9):6218-6224.
  3. Büyüközkan, Gülçin, and Gizem Çifçi
  4. 2011 A novel fuzzy multi-criteria decision framework for sustainable supplier selection with incomplete information. Computers in Industry 62(2):164-174.
  5. 2012 A novel hybrid MCDM approach based on fuzzy DEMATEL, fuzzy ANP and fuzzy TOPSIS to evaluate green suppliers. Expert Systems with Applications 39(3):3000-3011.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡聿威(2015)。整合DEMATEL與田口方法於精實六標準差之應用模式。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2015。1-85。 
  2. 古軒容(2014)。廢溶液回收產業之管理關鍵因素探討。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-77。 
  3. 邱守序(2014)。自中國採購之供應鏈風險管理-以C公司為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-116。
  4. 陳旻政(2016)。多準則決策分析方法運用於應用市集App推薦機制比較之研究。臺中科技大學資訊管理系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-164。
  5. 許碧玉(2017)。影響壽險業品牌形象之關鍵因素分析-以Y公司為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2017。1-97。
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