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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 136 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 宋麗玉(1998)。精神病患照顧者之憂鬱程度與其相關因素探討。公共衛生,25(3),181-195。
  2. 宋麗玉(1999)。精神疾病照顧者之探究:照顧負荷之程度與其相關因。中華心理衛生學刊,12(1),1-30。
  3. 宋麗玉(2002)。精神病患照顧者負荷量表之發展與驗證──以實務應用為取向。社會政策與社會工作學刊,6(1),61-100。
  4. 呂如分(2000)。中風病患主要照顧者生活品質及其相關因素之探討。國防醫學院護理研究所碩士論文。
  5. 余春娣(民94)。門診重鬱症病患生活品質及其相關因素之探討。台灣大學醫學院護理學研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾珮玲(2014)。失智症家庭照顧者之照顧負荷研究。中山醫學大學醫學社會暨社會工作學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-92。 
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