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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 40 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Bobillo, F. &Straccia, U. (2011). Fuzzy ontology representation using OWL 2. International Journal of Approximate Reasoning, 52(7), 1073-1094.
  2. Chen, A. S., Leung, M. T., & Daouk, H.(2003). Application of neuralnetworks to anemerging financial market: forecasting and trading the Taiwan Stock Index. Computers& Operations Research, 30(6), 901-923.
  3. Chen, C. T. (2001). A fuzzy approach to select the location of the distribution center. Fuzzy sets and systems, 118(1), 65-73.
  4. Chi, Y. L. (2007). Elicitation synergy of extracting conceptual tags and hierarchies in textual document. Expert Systems with Applications, 32(2), 349-357.
  5. Chi, Y. L. & Chen, H. C. (2009).Ontology-based Curriculum content sequencing system with semantic rules. Expert Systems with Applications,36(4), 7838-7847
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張巧旻(2015)。運用Skyline方法於最佳化應用市集App推薦機制之研究。臺中科技大學資訊管理系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-103。 
  2. 譚照廷(2016)。應用多準則方法於供應鏈風險因素分析-以軍用產品為例。虎尾科技大學工業管理系工業工程與管理碩士班學位論文。2016。1-81。
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