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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 130 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邢敏華(2004)。聽障教育的雙語教學:理論與實務初探。載於中華民國溝通障
  2. 吳清山(2005)。中小學教科書開放:部編本與民編本之拔河。師友,460,37-41。
  3. 林政逸(2004)。國民小學英語教育政策執行影響因素及實施現況之研究。台中師範學院國民教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台中市。
  4. 林怡君(2007)。不同版本國小英語教科書之內容分析 ---以94新綱之三、四、五年級為例不同版本國小英語教科書之內容分析。國立臺中教育大學課程與教學研究所碩士論文,未出版,臺中。
  5. 張蓓莉(1989)。聽覺障礙學生之語言能力研究。特殊教育研究學刊,5,165-204。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 謝慧如(2009)。圖卡教學與多感官教學對國小啟智班學生語彙學習成效之比較研究。臺灣師範大學特殊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2009。1-122。
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