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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 173 ) 〈TOP〉
  1.  蔡龍保,2008,《殖民統治之基礎工程-日治時期台灣道路事業之研究1895〜1945》,台北:師大歷史系。
  2.  黃武達,1996,《日治時代之台北市近代都市計畫》,台北:中國文化大學台灣都市史研究室。
  3.  黃武達,1996,《日治時代台灣近代都市計畫之研究論文集》,台北:中國文化大學台灣都市史研究室。
  4.  濱田正彥,1933,〈台灣河川の特色〉,《台灣經濟研究會刊》第十六輯,台北:台灣經濟研究會。
  5.  呂月娥,2001《日治時期基隆港口都市形成歷程之研究》中原碩論。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳凱雯(2014)。日治時期基隆築港之政策、推行與開展(1895-1945)。中正大學歷史學系學位論文。2014。1-229。
  2. 蔡育真(2014)。淡水河流域渡口空間研究。臺北科技大學建築與都市設計研究所學位論文。2014。1-213。
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