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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 117 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.Aaker, David A., Developing Business Strategy, John Wiley & Sons Inc. ,1984.
  2. 3.Ashton, W.B. and Sen, R. K., “Using Patent Information in Technology Business Planning-I”, Research Technology Management, November-December,pp.42-46, 1988.
  3. 4.Barney, J. B., “Firm Resources and Sustained Competitive Advantage,” Journal of Management, 17, 1, 99-120. , 1991.
  4. 7.Bryman, A., Quantity and Quality in Social Research, Unwin Hyman, 1988.
  5. 8.C Long, M Vickers-Koch, “Using core capabilities to create competitive advantage”, Organizational Dynamics, 1995.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張玉慧(2013)。公務機關行政業務委外之多準則評估—以中山科學研究院清潔業務委外為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-84。 
  2. 張騰文(2009)。以國家競爭力分析兩岸薄膜太陽能電池之 競合策略。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-119。 
  3. 蕭文婕(2013)。海洋貨運承攬業網絡策略對營運能力與經營績效影響之研究。元智大學經營管理碩士班(企業管理與服務科學學程)學位論文。2013。1-114。 
  4. 周麗琴(2009)。應用分析網路程序法於綠色供應商之評選-以C公司為例。臺北科技大學管理學院工業工程與管理EMBA專班學位論文。2009。1-139。
  5. 江國泰(2017)。後進者網絡關係與市場發展-以汽車貸款業A公司為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2017。1-73。
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