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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 85 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王明泉 (2003a)。高職階段智能障礙學生自我決策能力教學方案成效之研究。台東師院學報,14,139-168。
  2. 林宏熾、江佩珊、吳季樺、丘思平、林佩蓁 (2004)。高中職中重度多重障礙學生自我決策狀況之分析。特殊教育研究學刊,27,161-182。
  3. 張春興 (1981)。教育心理學。台北:東華。
  4. 黃湘儀(2004)。高職階段特教班自閉症學生休閒娛樂自我決策之詮釋研究。國立彰化師範大學特殊教育研究所未出版之碩士論文。
  5. 楊詠雯、林宏熾、林示安、周穎馨、柯馨潔 (2005)。自閉症青年自我決策狀況之分析-以臺灣中部地區為例。身心障礙研究,3(2),102-112。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡孟耿(2015)。自我決策學習教學模式在高職智能障礙學生之應用。中原大學特殊教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-116。 
  2. 林麗卿(2012)。自我決策方案對提昇高職重度智能障礙學生休閒知能之成效研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-180。 
  3. 呂建達(2010)。國中資源班身心障礙學生自我決策能力與學業成就關係之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-112。 
  4. 涂婉誼(2010)。休閒活動課程對提升國中資源班學生自我決策能力成效之探究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-136。 
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