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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 146 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江憲坤、林志豪(1999)。群體合作學習機制在Web 教學環境上之探討。大葉學報,8(2),63-79。
  2. 李怡英(2001)。探討意見衝突在小組互動中的影響。未出版之碩士論文,國立臺灣師範大學,台北。
  3. 李建億(2006)。網際網路專題學習互動歷程之研究。科學教育學刊,14(1),101-120。
  4. 林淑慧(2003)。問題本位學習法在遠距教學環境的應用─理論探討與實例說明。技術及職業教育,74,50-54。
  5. 林錦泓、楊錦潭(2001)。遠距教學中以元件式建構聊天室之設計與實作。生活科技教育,34(3),24-34。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 駱惠中(2013)。網路化問題本位學習對國小學生青春期健康教育學習成效之影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-149。 
  2. 張素芬(2012)。問題本位學習對國小四年級學童科學本質觀之影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-119。 
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