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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 167 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王良芬(2004)。臺北縣外籍配偶生活適應之探析--以板橋市中山社區為例。社區發展季刊,105,246-257。
  2. 吳雅惠(2000)。國小教師的多元文化教學信念與運作課程之個案研究。花蓮師院學報,11,171-192。
  3. 林瓊惠(2004)。探討多元文化課程與族群教育之關係。國教新知,51(1),85-95。
  4. 周天給(2004)。台灣外籍新娘對婦產科診所就醫平價之研究。台北醫學院醫務管理學系碩士論文,未出版,台北。
  5. 徐文濤(2006)。台北縣國小補校外籍配偶學習動機與學習滿意度之研究。國立台灣師範大學社會教育學系社會教育與文化行政碩士學位在職專班碩士論文,未出版,台北。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王依婷(2015)。桃園市社區保母系統訪視員專業核心能力之探究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-146。 
  2. 范光瑞(2012)。國民小學校長的多元文化教育理念與實踐之個案研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-200。 
  3. 陳慧珍(2010)。新移民志工參與志願服務之研究 -以桃園縣新移民學習中心為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2010。1-187。 
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