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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 111 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李宇宙(2005)‧失眠症的臨床評估與處置‧台灣醫學,9(3),346-353。
  2. 陳昌偉, 楊建銘(2006)‧失眠病因理論與認知行為治療療效因子:理論與實務的對應。臨床心理學刊,3(1),1-12。
  3. 楊建銘(2000)‧失眠的行為及心理治療‧臺灣醫學,4(6),694-703。
  4. 楊靜修、郭博招(2003)‧腦幹調控血壓之動態性質‧慈濟醫學,15(1),1-15。
  5. 詹佳真(2006)。放輕鬆。台北市:財團法人董氏基金會。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐雅力(2008)。海峽兩岸圖書資訊學碩士教育之比較研究。政治大學圖書資訊與檔案學研究所學位論文。2008。1-163。
  2. 王郁文(2009)。負向母親情結之探討---內隱聯想測驗之信效度分析。政治大學心理學研究所學位論文。2009。1-76。
  3. 林靜宜(2010)。圖書資訊學研究所學生就讀動機、學習需求與生涯發展之研究。臺灣師範大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2010。1-207。
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