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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 76 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 人本教育基金會(2003a.05)。讓老師更專業請以「聘約」約束教師「不適任行為」連署活動。2007年12月28, tw/news/24.htm
  2. 人本教育基金會(2004b,5月)。人本2004年國中、小校園體罰問卷調查。人本教育札記,179,38-45。
  3. 史英(1994a)。史說新語Ι。台北:人本教育基金會。
  4. 吳明清(2001)。教育向前跑。台北:師大書苑。
  5. 張德銳(1999a)。我國中小學教師評鑑的檢討與展望。師友,381,5-8。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 高菱黛(2011)。家長與教師對不適任教師觀感之研究。臺東大學教育學系學位論文。2011。1-162。 
  2. 謝憲愷(2017)。教師解聘、停聘、不續聘事由之研究-以性侵害、性騷擾、性霸凌為中心。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2017。1-59。 
  3. 朱雅惠(2012)。新北市國民中學教師對教學不力行為規準之研究。臺灣師範大學教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2012。1-171。
  4. 王靖夫(2016)。解聘、停聘、不續聘大學教師制度之研究─以教師法第14條第1項第14款為中心。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2016。1-178。
  5. 許雅蘋(2018)。義務教育階段不適任教師類型之研究-­以教師法第14、15條為中心。中興大學法律學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2018。1-173。
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