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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 高頌洲(2002)。問題導向學習(PBL)導入生活科技教學活動之初探。生活科技教育,35(8),12-19。
  2. 莊雪芳(2002)。高三學生後設認知、生物科自我概念與生物能力之研究。國立師範台灣大學生物研究所博士論文,未出版,台北。
  3. 陳銘偉(2004)。「問題本位學習」教學模式對高職學生之合作學習與批判思考歷程與成效的影響。私立中原大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,桃園縣。
  4. 陳毓凱(2005)。「問題本位學習」教學模式對國中二年級學生自我導向科學學習傾向與科學學習動機之影響。私立中原大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,桃園縣。
  5. 曾孟慧(2006)。「問題本位學習」教學模式對五年級學童數學學習的數學態度和後設認知之影響。私立中原大學教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,桃園縣。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱文鳳(2012)。問題本位學習對國小六年級學童燃燒概念改變之影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-146。 
  2. 莊嘉淋(2013)。問題本位學習對不同先備知識的六年級學生數學學習成效之影響。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2013。1-171。
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