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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 175 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 吳若寧:Trends in Suicide Mortality in Taiwan, 1959-2006。 臺灣公共衛生雜誌 2008;27(2):110-120。
  2. 3. 李佳諭、林梅鳳、曾弘富、王文玲:南臺灣高中職生自殺危險行為盛行率及相關因素之探討。 實證護理 2008;4(1):71-81。
  3. 4. 潘玲菁:青少年學生所知覺媒體自殺報導對心理健康影響之研究的相關因素探討--以某個藝人自殺事件為例。教育心理學報 2008;39(3) :355-376。
  4. 5. 呂欣芹:案主自殺後治療者的失落與悲傷。 諮商與輔導 2008,266:39-41 。
  5. 7. 何秋霞、鄭紅霞、蕭雅君:照護一位老婦面對配偶自殺瀕死反應之護理經驗。新臺北護理期刊 2008;10(1):75-85。
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