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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 149 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林業泰(2004)。國小教師對高年級學生分數概念的瞭解。國立臺北師範學院碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  2. 柯淑慧(2004)。外籍母親與本籍母親之子女學業成就之比較研究﹘以基隆市國小一年級為例。國立台北師範學院幼兒教育學系碩士論文,未出版,臺北市。
  3. 高耀琮(2002)。兒童平面幾何圖形概念之探討。國立台北師範學院數理教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  4. 張鳳燕(1991)。教育心理學微觀。師友月刊,284,24- 29。
  5. 張春興(1995)。教育心理學。台北:東華。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳佩錦(2013)。七年級學生的等號概念與其對代數學習之影響研究。交通大學理學院科技與數位學習學程學位論文。2013。1-75。 
  2. 許欣鳳(2012)。運用萬用揭示板發展國小二年級等號概念教材之行動研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-190。 
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